Contacts

Address: 3515 Miskolc-Egyetemváros, Hungary

Tel.: 46/555-246, Fax: 46/555-247

E-mail: csollak.gabor@nanocenter.hu

Web: www.nanocenter.hu

Nanotechnology is the sum of all the techniques and researches in which the material world is visualized and manipulated within the atomic/molecular scale. Nanometric scale structures can be assembled from atomic bricks.

The possibility of manipulating atoms/molecules and the resulted special products moves imagination. Many proposals are published, some of them are ambitiousas science-fiction for example nanomotors and multifunctional nanorobots. However realizing such a complex nano-device hasn’t been achieved yet - although there are no principle limits in their creation,-but dragging and mechanical manipulating of atoms/molecules becomes possible.

1 nanometer = 10-9 meter

Illustration:

History of nanotechnology:

The topic of nanotechnology has a brief history. A talk given by Nobel Prize-winning American physicist Richard Feynman at an American Physical Society meeting on December 29, 1959.Feynman showed by a deep-brained continouity that nanoworld has dissembled great dimensions.Demonstrated with simple calculation there is no theoretical obstacle to write the entire content of the 30-volume, nearly 30 thousand pages of Encyclopedia Britannica onto a pin head.Only a few atoms in size characters should be used and develop the technology with which these characters can be read and write Today, this technology is in our hands in the Scanning. Probe Mikroscopes.The term "nanotechnology" was first defined by Norio Taniguchi in a 1974 on sub-micron tolerance material engineering.Nanotechnology, as the future determining discipline, can be traced back to 1986 when Eris Drexler published his famous book „Engines of Creation”.In 1981, Heinrich Rohrer and Gerd Binningen the IBM lab in Zurich, created a scanning tunnelling microscope, which has become dominant in the development of nanotechnologies.Perhaps because of the thought-provoking nature, dramatic progress started in the past decade at the field of nanotechnology.Independent nanotechnology programs launched at renowned American universities.On 2003 300 University Institute and 500 nanotechnology companies were involved in nanotechnology research, with a budget in the U.S, Japan and the European Union was estimated at $ 4 billion.Interesting is indicated that Japan spent on nanotechnology developments in subsidies from 1998 to 2003, up from 75 million to £ 470 million GBP has increased.The European Union's 6th Framework Programme offers programs several areas of nanotechnology in the "Nanotechnologies, nanosciences, new multifunctional materials, production processes and devices" program in 2003 and 2004.2005th, the European Commission published a ”" European Action Plan for Nanotechnology. " which is served the completion of "European strategy for nanotechnology.The European Union’s 7th Framework Programme planning several programs at the field of nanotechnology.